CLASSIFICATION OF INDIAN SOILS PDF



CLASSIFICATION OF INDIAN SOILS

v Alluvial soil [43%]
v Red soil [18.5%]
v Black / regur soil [15%]
v Arid / desert soil
v Laterite soil
v Peaty Soil
v Forest soil
v mountain soil

Types of Soils
States where found
Rich in
Lacks in
Crops grown
Alluvial
Mainly found in the plains of Gujarat,  Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand etc.
Potash and Lime
LimeNitrogen and Phosphorous
Large variety of rabi and kharif crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, jute etc
Black (Regur soil)
Deccan plateau- Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh,Tamil Nadu, Valleys of Krishna and Godavari.Lime
Lime, Iron, Magnesia and Alumina, Potash
Phosphorous, Nitrogen and organic matter
Cotton, sugarcane, jowar, tobacco, wheat, rice etc.
Red
Eastern and southern part of the deccan plateau, Orissa, Chattisgarh and southern parts of the middle Ganga plain.
Iron and Potash
Nitrogen, Phosphorous and humus.
Wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and pulses
Laterite
Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Orissa hills.
Western Rajastan, north Gujarat and southern Punjab
Organic matter, Nitrogen, Phosphate and Calcium
Cashewnuts, tea, coffee, rubber
Arid and Desert
Western Rajastan, north Gujarat and southern Punjab
Soluble salts, phosphate
Humus, Nitrogen
Only drought resistant and salt tolerant crops such as barley, rape, cotton, millets maize and pulses
Saline and Alkaline
Western Gujarat, deltas of eastern coast, Sunderban areas of West Bengal, Punjab and Haryana
Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium
Nitrogen and Calcium
Unfit for agriculture

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